Récamier is the proper name for the chaise lounge or fainting couch. It was named after the famous painting, below, of Jeanne-Françoise Julie Adélaïde Bernard, aka Juliette Récamier (1777–1849), a French society woman who led a salon in the early 19th century drawing Parisians from leading literary and political circles.
She married Jacques-Rose Récamier at 15. He was 30 years her senior and rumored to be her true father; they never consummated the marriage, and it is speculated he married her to make her his heir. Récamier wrote the following in a letter, indicating his relationship with her mother may have been more than merely platonic: “It may be said that my feelings for the daughter arise out of those I have had for her mother; but all those who frequent the house are well aware that what took me there was pure friendship, a friendship which had grown out of the possibly somewhat warmer feeling I may have had in the earlier days of our acquaintance. At present, having reached an age when all other pretensions are past, she only wishes to educate her child, and make her a virtuous and good woman”. (Edouard Herriot, Madame Récamier, London: William Heinemann, 1906.)
Her famous portrait by Jacques Louis David gave rise to naming fainting couches after her, hence, récamier. This style of bench has always been quite popular for images of women, and especially of nudes, both before and after Juliette Récamier.